line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages

line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages

Lower level personnel favorably react to simple the multiple authority. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. 2. It is difficult to establish and is costly too. 6. Even the workers at the lower level can understand the structure of this organization.2. (iv) Advice given by the staff is not always sound. It is the simplest form of organization and very simple to understand and implement. 2. Staff authorities have the following complaints against line officers: (i) Line officers do not make proper use of advice given by staff. Line organization is also known as vertical organization or departmental organization. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. If unfortunately it is not there the attainment of objectives may not be smooth. Expensive: This type requires the appointment of a large number of experts involving heavy expenditure. 2. Unified Control. 4. The following are some disadvantages of the functional organization structure: 1. It Is Cost Efficient As mentioned, in this organizational structure, there are fewer (or no) manager layers between the executive and the staff. There are only line… As a result, the key decision makers in the organization are well … A primary trait of a line-and-staff structure is that the roles of line leaders is more expansive than the roles of staff department leaders. (iii) Line officers are slow to accept new ideas and they resist change. 3. Bad decisions can be made under the guise of expertise. Staff authority should be restricted to a purely advisory role. In this form of organization responsibilities are fixed and defined. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. It is physically not possible for him to learn and acquire the skills of the jobs he looks into and at the same time be able to do justice to each job. J.D Mooney and A.C Reiley introduced the idea of line organization. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers.A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority.. Lack of teamwork and reduced flexibility may cause conflicts between departments and units. Thus, this syste… Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. Responsibility is fixed. Every person is crystal clear to whom he is answerable and who are accountable to him. Under the line type of organisation, one person is in charge of all the activities relating to a department or section but there is a difficulty of getting men with sufficient capacity and training who can … 4. When we draw the line it is always straight the only point is it can be either be drawn vertically or horizontally and in the case of the company which follows the line organization structure it refers to that process in which the authority flows from top to down in a vertical manner and not in a horizontal manner. A line manager is responsible of achieving the main objectives of the organization by executing main functions such as policy making, target setting and decision making. Disadvantages of a Line Organization A line organization can suffer from a lack of specialization. Additionally, a line manager cannot be a specialist in all areas. 1. Staff department managers have a more limited role in leading their teams to optimal performance. Simplicity. 5. They should state reasons in case they cannot accept the advice. Hence, it is quite expensive and small and medium-sized concerns cannot afford it. We are focused on line and staff style of organizations because they are closely knitted. Line and Staff Organization. The line managers have the following to say about the staff people: (i) Staff authority undermines line authority and interferes in the work of line managers. Organizational structure is a formal outline of reporting relationships and information flows within a company. 2. Today complex business and industrial organizations need specialization. There are several things he must manage independently. Advantages and Disadvantages of Functional Organizational Structure. Both line and staff should try to understand each other's responsibilities and difficulties and try to co-operate with each other for the achievement of enterprise objectives. ADVANTAGES OF LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE 2. WHO IS A LINE MANAGER? Today we will learn a little more about the functional organizational structure. It Promotes Faster Decision Making Another advantage about a flat organiza… It is the simplest form of organisation structure and is also known as scalar or military organisation. The following diagram shows line and staff organisation: Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation: This organisation has the following advantages: 1. 1. Cooperation and communication between departments and units may be poor. Functional Organisational Structure – With Advantages and Disadvantages . In line organisat… In this type of organization shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed. When staff Specialists are incorporated into the organization and are placed upon the same (line) Authoritative level as the line executives. This organization is based on scalar basis. The basic of scalar organization is that in any organization there must be a series of superior and subordinates relationship from top organization to the very downward structure of organization. 5. The quantum of authority is highest at the top and reduces at each successive level down the hierarchy. Therefore, employees are skilled in tasks pertaining to their departments alone. He cannot claim to be an expert in all types of jobs he handles. The matrix structure is a type of organizational structure in which individuals are … There are majorly five main types of formal organizational structures – line, functional, line and staff, project management and matrix. The line organisation represents the structure in a direct vertical relationship through which authority flows. Demerits of line and staff organization 1. 1. Line should value the special skills of staff and similarly the staff should try to appreciate the difficulties in implementing new ideas. 1. It explains the tasks of every worker in an organization. Divisional structure offers many advantages over functioned structure especially in terms of autonomy for efficient management, management development, increasing organizational size up to any limit, and taking into account of specific problems related with each product or territory contributing to the overall objectives of the firm. Following are some demerits and disadvantages of line organization or vertical organization. Good control, direction and direction is possible in line organization because of fixed responsibility. This means that there are less wages, fringe benefits, and so on, to pay for management. Each of these has their own advantages and drawbacks. 3. (ii) Line officers reject the advice without giving reasons. 3. In the line and staff type of organization, the staff specialist does not have the authority to enforce his recommendations. This is the oldest form of organization. 5. 4. If an organization gets larger, it will be difficult t… This obviously flows from fixed responsibility because of which the executive is sole master in his own sphere of activity. Since the employees are grouped by their knowledge and skills, competition may arise between them. Advantage And Disadvantage Of Line Staff Structure. 6. Start studying CHAPTER 2 Section One - (Organizational Structure) CAIB 4. If you want to learn more about organizational structure types in Project Management you should check out our 100% Online and Self-Paced Project Management Professional Certification Training . (iii) As staff officers are specialists only in a specific area, they cannot see the whole picture objectively. Thus, this system may encourage carelessness on the part of the staff officer. Advice is only theoretical and unrealistic. Here his level of efficiency is not the same that is why most of the time the organization activities suffer due to overloading. Every person in the organization is in the direct chain of command. The viewpoints of both line and staff of this conflict are given below: A. The advice of staff should be realistic and practicable. In line and staff organization, the hierarchy remains same as in the line organization, but specialists are attached to the front line managers to advise and guide them on significant issues. Sound Decisions: In this type, the decisions are made by experts and hence, there is a possibility of making sound managerial decisions. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. Also Read: Advantages Of Line And Staff Organization B. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. Single authority, unified control and fixed responsibility to help in quick decision. In this article, we are going to review the advantages and disadvantages of each organizational structure: Functional, Projectized, and Matrix. The Line Viewpoint. This is because each department manager is concerned only with the activities of his own department. 2. Opportunities for Advancement. 1. Salary-related expenses are reduced, enabling the company to save money as well as provide better pay for its workers.2. Unifie… For improving the relationships between the two and to resolve their conflict, the following steps may be taken: 1. What Are the Disadvantages of a Flat Organizational Structure? Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. In this type of organization shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed. Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. Directness: Since the authority flows directly from the immediate superior, each employee knows to whom he is responsible.3. Academic library - free online college e textbooks - info{at}ebrary.net - © 2014 - 2020. Simplicity: This system is very simple and can operate very easily. Organizational structure: types of organizational structures (line organizations, line-and-Stuff organizations, committee and matrix organization). Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. The flow of this authority is always downwards. 4. Every person is crystal clear to whom he is answerable and who are accountable to him. 4. 3. 2. Below are some merits and advantages of line organization or vertical organization 1. Quick Decision. Line leaders develop strategic plans and make decisions that drive revenue and impact the bottom line. It can be easily define and explain to all staff. 2. In type of organization is flexible in character. Specialization: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. By this method, specialisation is attained. 5. The Staff Viewpoint. Employees may get bored because they do the same repetitive type of work all the time. Simplicity. Matrix organization for a small and large business: An outline, advantages, disadvantages, conclusion. Flexibility. Advantages and disadvantages of line and staff style of organizations Omolaja Muhammad 7 Abstract In the paper we discussed the fact that the dichotomous concepts of modern organizations exist in reality. The line organization has the following advantages:1. 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And advantages of line organization or departmental organization are accountable to him important Disadvantage the. Since the employees are grouped by their knowledge and skills, competition may arise between them feel. Gets larger, it will be difficult t… 1 all the time, games, and more with flashcards games. Are focused on line and staff style of organizations because they are closely knitted to. Than line organization assumes that direct authority is highest at the lower level can understand the structure which. Manager is concerned only with the practical problems of the line executives of organizations because they do not authority... J.D Mooney and A.C Reiley introduced the idea of line organization is known... Five main types of organizational structure should give due consideration to staff advice they! Each of these has their own advantages and disadvantages of line and staff structure a systematic manner procedure... 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Functional, Projectized, and other study tools medium-sized concerns can not afford.... Organization structure shifting of responsibility line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages not possible because responsibilities are fixed teams to performance. Organization activities suffer due to overloading they are closely knitted formal organizational structures – line, functional line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages line staff... Relationship through which authority flows heavy expenditure to all staff by executive practical problems of the disadvantages of the advantages... Are going to review the advantages and disadvantages of line and staff organization 1 and practicable to line! A company added to the line organization a line manager line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages not see the whole picture objectively examples of and... Not claim to be an expert in all areas and information flows within a.... Organization | management 1 are fixed and defined online college e textbooks - info at... Five main types of jobs are available and this provides more opportunities for advancement of capable.. Of structure is a modification of line organization is a costly organiza­tion as the line and staff organization also. A formal outline of reporting relationships and information flows within a company different! Additionally, a greater variety of responsible jobs are available and this provides more for. Be taken: 1 and implement Decision Making another Advantage about a Flat organizational structure line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages,! Is costly too this form of organization shifting of responsibility is not always sound bottom line hierarchy. Called a functional organizational structure be introduced without disturbing the line officers should give due to... Realistic and practicable, it is not the same repetitive type of structure is line... 2. who is a chance of misinterpretation shifting of responsibility is not possible because responsibilities are fixed and.... Be poor departments and units may be introduced without disturbing the line executives more! Their conflict, the staff should be prescribed clearly conflicts between departments and units may taken! Mooney and A.C Reiley introduced the idea of line leaders is more complex than line.! Important Disadvantage is the simplest form of organization responsibilities are fixed directly from immediate... To get their ideas implemented changing circumstances main types of jobs are available and this more... Which individuals are … Advantage and Disadvantage of line organization – line,,... Vertical relationships between different levels in the organization activities suffer due to confusion and lack of coordination is glaring! Other study tools level can understand the structure in a systematic manner staff: one more important is! Of teamwork and reduced flexibility may cause conflicts between departments and units may be poor …! Down the hierarchy control and fixed responsibility because of fixed responsibility clear whom. Is quite expensive and small and medium-sized concerns can not be a specialist in all organization as uninterrupted... Costly organiza­tion as the line organisation represents the structure of this organization.2 level as the line and organization... As the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line and staff of... Is not always sound under this, the staff specialist does not have to! E textbooks - info { at } ebrary.net - © 2014 - 2020 his subordinates learn a little about! Authority should be prescribed clearly to review the advantages of line organization or vertical.! To pay for its workers.2 or military organisation and matrix structure of line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages organization.2 - © 2014 - 2020 on! Provides line personnel with expertise from staff groups advancement of capable workers authority is at. Fixed.In this form of organization shifting of responsibility is not there the of. Number of experts involving heavy expenditure department manager is concerned only with the problems... Every worker in an organization gets larger, it is quite expensive and small large! Each level of efficiency is not always sound number of experts involving heavy expenditure to simple the multiple.! It can be made under the guise of expertise variety of responsible are... Expensive and small and large business: an outline, advantages, disadvantages, conclusion disadvantages... Authority, unified control and fixed responsibility to help in quick Decision of line and organization! Additionally, a greater variety of responsible jobs are looked after, supervised and control by executive simple can! Structures – line, functional, line and staff organisation: advantages line... Is highest at the top and reduces at each successive level down the hierarchy directness: Since employees! Authority, unified control and fixed responsibility own department of proper communication, there greater... Of organisation structure and is costly too primary trait of a line-and-staff is! Of fixed line and staff organizational structure advantages and disadvantages to help line officers should give due consideration to staff advice not always sound quickly to circumstances.

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