early phase of christianity in east africa
Economic-and-political-organization-of-african-societies-in-the-19th-century Making your way around early African Christianity means learning about Christian groups new to many Westerners. 4) The natives were reported as law-less, cruel, and violent i) The information they gave about important places like the source of the Nile, fertile soils, river falls and the climate all attracted the missionaries into East Africa. b) The evils of slave trade made East Africans welcome missionaries as liberators. This enhanced evangelization into the local population. his traditional power base was being eroded. Mark the Evangelist became the first bishop of the Orthodox Church of Alexandria in about the year 43. the London news paper wrote after his death, âthe work for Africa must hence forth begin in earnest where Livingstone left it off.â, p) Establishment of resettlement centers for freed slaves e.g. e) Missionaries enhanced the growth of tropical raw materials like coffee, cotton to satisfy the British industrialists urge but disguising everything in Christianity. h) The missionaries also received the support of African converts in spreading the Gospel. Kenya while Johann Redman was the first to see Mt. African Lugard used old Kampala hill as a military base against Kabalega. Economic And Political Developments And Challenges In Africa Since Independence These general characteristics are found in the higâ¦ with Krapf to establish Christianity in East Africa, hence laying the foundation on which subsequent efforts were to be built. as Dr. Livingstone told Cambridge University students, âI go back to Africa to make an open pass for commerce and Christianityâ¦..â Similarly, his speech in 1857 emphasized the unity between Christianity and Commerce. Chapter-10-development-of-transport-and-communication Chapter 13 Social This indirectly undermined the Kabakaâs authority and respect i.e. (l) Missionaries destroyed local industries like craft industry e.g. The early church historian Eusebius wrote that the apostle Matthew also spread the new faith in Ethiopia. g) They had a mission to clear the way for the colonization of East Africa. Mark arrived in Egypt around 42 C.E., Philip traveled all the way to Carthage before heading east into Asia Minor, Matthew visited Ethiopia (by way of Persia), as did Bartholomew. (m) They contributed to the rise of nationalism. at Bagamoyo and Frere townnear Mombasa where skills like carpentry, and agriculture were taught. PUBLIC REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE IN KENYA For example, in 1890, Africans were ordained as priests of the University Mission to Central Africa in Tanganyika. (n) They fought slave trade which was later abolished and equality and liberty for all was encouraged in East Africa. m) Political stability in East Africa favoured missionary work because missionaries could settle. Chapter-7-citizenship Missionary work in Tanganyika was motivated by the reports given by Dr, David Livingstone on the horrors of slave trade. Their campaign against slave trade won them much support from different tribes in East Africa. g) The missionariesâ efforts to translate the bible into several local languages helped them succeed for example Kraft translated the New Testament of the Bible into Swahili and wrote a Swahili dictionary and a Grammar book. In 1862, the united Methodist Church led by Thomas Wakefield arrived from Britain and settled at the coast. LEGISLATURE. When they realized they were not making any great impact at the coast, the two moved into the interior visiting the Akamba and Taita. Christianity in East Africa owes an immense debt to this trio of German Lutherans: Krapf, Rebmann, and Erhardt, all working under the CMS. They, for instance wanted to trade in items like glass, cloths, etc. The Protestants and Catholics were supported by Kabaka Mwanga though he did not want them to work outside the capital and beyond the royal family. Christianity, as a religion, originated in the early 1st century CE following the teachings of Hebrew leader Jesus Christ of Nazarene and his disciples. They were the first Europeans to see Mount Kilimanjaro in 1847. Contacts Between East Africa And The Outside World Up To The 19th Century c) Existence of tropical diseases was yet another problem faced by the Christian missionaries. Krapt arrived and established a mission station at Rabai. E.g. Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. By the 19th century, a number of missionary groups worked in East Africa and these included; The Church Missionary Society; The Holy Ghost Fathers; The University Missionary Society to Central Africa; The White Fathers They for example lacked enough money, accommodation and drugs. Early Africa included both Latin-speaking (Western) and Greek-speaking (Eastern) Christians. The discovery of quinine also facilitated their work as it cured tropical diseases. (d) They introduced the European system of management and styles of dress and architecture which have been adopted by many people in East Africa today. Both facts attrack even foreign researchers to focus their interests on the history of this country, â¦ Man enters in Tsavo National Park consumed and threatened many whites. This was because they originated from very far (Europe) thus making it difficult for them to have full time and constant supplies. spiritual jurisdiction. (j) They paved way for the improvement of agriculture through establishing experimental farms and plantations where new crops, better methods of farming and equipment were introduced for example cotton was introduced by Kenneth Boroup in 1903 and Africans were taught how to use a plough and how to grow coffee. (a) They spread Christianity and baptized many converts. For example Dr. John Ludwig Kraft of CMS is said to have been the first European to see Mt. Eventually, its churches and the churches headquartered at Rome divided. Chapter 32: The Electoral Process And Functions Of Governments In Other Parts Of The World f) The missionaries also loved to adventure and explore the interior of East Africa. African initiatives to Africanize Christianity encouraged its growth in East Africa.. o) The death of Dr. David Livingstone in 1873 and other earlier missionaries increased the determination by many groups to see missionary work succeed in Africa, and East Africa in particular. The building of strong boats and ships gave Europeans courage to travel far from home. d) Some missionaries came because they had been invited by certain African chiefs, For example, Mutesa I of Buganda wrote a letter through H.M Stanley inviting missionaries to Buganda. This class helped colonialists to fight resistors despite the fact that they were all Africans. THE EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY The missionaries here enjoyed the support of the sultan of Zanzibar, Seyyid Said. Their coming of Christian missionaries to East Africa and Africa in general was based on a number of motives which were humanitarian, economic, political and social in nature. The early African converts to Christianity, were made to abandon their ancestral culture and way of life as âpaganâ therefore to be shunned. The ancient East African kingdom of Aksum gradually adopted Christianity from the early- to mid-fourth-century reign of Ezana onwards. LIVES AND CONTRIBUTIONS OF KENYAN LEADERS This helped and enhanced the propagation of faith. q) Through conversion of the Buganda chiefs and pages before Buganda commoners it meant that each party i.e. Such treaties of friendship made their work easy since the chiefs would call on their subjects to take on the missionary teachings. Formation-of-government Explain six factors that favoured the spread of Christianity in East Africa, Next: Identify five reasons for the coming of Christian Missionaries in East AfricaPrevious: What were challenges faced by missionary activities in East Africa? h) The presence of wild animals was also a threat to the missionary activities in East Africa. These included hilly areas, rivers, lakes and forests. The pioneer missionaries were the members of the CMS based in Tabora, Tanganyika. FORM 2 b) They wanted to fight against slave trade in East Africa. This was made possible through education where the African elite emerged and started demanding for independence e.g. The well-known narrative of the late Roman church-historian Rufinus relates a top-down process of conversion, starting with the ruler himself. (o) Mission stations were developed in towns like Rabai missionary station near Mombasa. Mutesa I of Buganda and Mirambo of Nyamwezi all gave them protection as well as rights to do their work in their territories. CHAPTER 18: COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN NORTH AFRICA There is little certainty about the date of entry of Christianity into Egypt and much of the regions to the west such as Cyrenia, Numidia, Africa and Mauretania. European Invasion Of Africa The early church in North Africa went through severe persecutions A.D. 64 thru 311. London: Longmans, Green and Co. Oniboje, G O 1975. Alliance High School, Kisubi Vocational School. CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT Soon there ensued rivalry between the Catholics and protestants. The Eastern or âByzantineâ half of the Roman Empire, headquartered at Constantinople in Asia Minor, spoke Greek. In the religious wars in Buganda, the British fought behind the Protestants. It is the story of peoples seizing control of their own spiritual destiniesârather than the commonplace notion that the continentâs Christian churches represent colonial and capitalist powers that helped subdue Africans to European domination. k) The missionariesâ practical skills enabled them to survive even when their supplies from home delayed. Chapter-8-national-integration i) Religion was a mechanism of divide and rule. They for example set up a church at Zanzibar, Rubaga and Rabai missionary station near Mombasa. 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Chapter 25: International Relations Customs like polygamy, satanic worship, etc were deep rooted into African communities which proved a threat for the missionaries to successfully uproot them. By 1914 there were many missionary societies working in western Kenya. Christian-missionaries-in-east-africa On 17 August 2016, an article titled, âThe Damning Effects Of Religion In Africa,â written by Kofi Asamoah Okyere was published on Modernghana.com in which the writer sought to establish a case that religion impeded the development of Africa.. Grow coffee of Ezana onwards Greek-speaking ( Eastern ) Christians many to Christianity grow.. Also loved to adventure and explore the interior Scotland Mission arrived in Buganda this light that Britain came to.! Stirring feeling overwhelmed him about the year 43 for freed slaves were.! And formal education discovery of various East African kingdom of Aksum gradually adopted Christianity the. 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